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Urology

People who suffer from urological conditions are often reluctant to seek medical advice due to the intimate nature of these conditions such as:

  • Overactive bladder (OAB), which refers to the frequent and sudden urge to urinate, and may include incontinence or urinary leakage.i It affects men and women of all ages and results in physical discomfort as well as emotional distress, affecting their quality of life as many restrict their activities to avoid embarrassment.ii
  • Erectile dysfunction (ED), which is the inability to produce and/or sustain an erection, is linked to existing cardiovascular or metabolic conditionsiii such as heart disease, high cholesterol, high blood pressureiv and diabetesv.

Treatments for urological conditions -– which may include lifestyle changes – can help patients to manage the symptoms. Those affected should seek advice from a doctor about their options for treatment and practical steps which they can take to prevent the progress of the disease and maintain a better quality of life.

References

i. Urology Care Foundation. Overactive Bladder, http://www.urologyhealth.org/urologic-conditions/overactive-bladder-(oab)

ii. Coyne, KS et al. The impact of overactive bladder, incontinence and other lower urinary tract symptoms on quality of life, work productivity, sexuality and emotional well-being in men and women: results from the EPIC study. BJU International 2008; 101:1388-1395 [taken from Pfizer OAB Booklet]

iii. Miner et al. Prognostic utility of erectile dysfunction for cardiovascular disease in younger men and those with diabetes. Am. Heart J. 2012; 164; 21-28. [taken from Pfizer ED Booklet]

iv. Schawartz B.G. and Kloner A. Cardiovascular Implication of Erectile Dysfunction. Circulation 2011;123:e609-e611. 9. Chew K.K et al, Male J. Sex. Med, 2008;5:928–934. [taken from Pfizer ED Booklet]

v. Penson D.F. and Wessels H. 2004;17(4):225-230. [taken from Pfizer ED Booklet]