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Pain Management

Many people suffer from pain which can affect their mobility, functionality and quality of life. Furthermore, coping with pain over a long period of time can have a negative impact on their mental or emotional state, resulting in problems like poor concentration, poor quality of sleep or depression, among others.[i]

 

Causes and types of pain can vary – acute, recurring or chronic pain can be caused by conditions ranging from rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis to lower back pain and primary dysmenorrhea or menstrual cramps. Neuropathic pain results in burning, tingling, painfully cold or pins-and-needles sensations or electric shocks while nociceptive pain is caused by injuries like sprains, bruises or bone fractures, as well as joint pain or inflammation. Depending on the severity and type of pain, there are several pain management options, which may be used in combination. These options range from medication and distraction to therapeutic massage and rehabilitation, to osteopathic medication and invasive procedures.[ii],[iii],[iv],[v],[vi]

 

Recurring or chronic pain may be a sign of a serious condition; ignoring it may allow the pain to worsen hence it’s important to consult with a doctor. Depending on the cause of pain, a specialist’s advice may be required to develop a pain management plan.

 

References

 


[i] Australian Pain Management Association. Psychological Effects of Chronic Pain, https://www.painmanagement.org.au/2014-09-11-13-35-53/2014-09-11-13-36-47/178-psychological-effects-of-pain.html

[ii] American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine. Treatment options for chronic pain, https://www.asra.com/page/46/treatment-options-for-chronic-pain [Taken from Pfizer patient information leaflet, file name HRPZII Patient Information Leaflet W0916183 4102016]

[iii] Blondell R.D. et al Pharmacologic Therapy for Acute Pain. American Family Physician. June 1, 2013 [Taken from Pfizer patient information leaflet, file name HRPZII Patient Information Leaflet W0916183 4102016]

[iv] World Health Organization. Pain Relief Ladder, http://www.who.int/cancer/palliative/painladder/en/ [Taken from Pfizer patient information leaflet, file name HRPZII Patient Information Leaflet W0916183 4102016]

[v] WebMD. Pain Management, http://www.webmd.com/pain-management/guide/pain-management-treatment-care. [Taken from Pfizer patient information leaflet, file name HRPZII Patient Information Leaflet W0916183 4102016]

[vi] Spine-health. Invasive pain management techniques, http://www.spine-health.com/treatment/pain-management/invasive-pain-management-techniques  [Taken from Pfizer patient information leaflet, file name HRPZII Patient Information Leaflet W0916183 4102016]